Marlborough Women and the Petition
On 19 September 1893, after submitting a petition with nearly 32,000 signatures, New Zealand became the first self-governing country to grant women the vote. In most other democracies – including Britain and the United States – women did not get that right until after the First World War. New Zealand women voted for the first time in a general election on 28 November 1893.
In 1892 there were 13,325 people in Marlborough of whom 5,954 were female (including children). 204 women from Marlborough signed the petition.
Despite the short timeframe for voter registration, 109,461 women – about 84% of the adult female population – enrolled to vote in the election. On polling day 90,290 of them cast their votes, a turnout of 82%.
Suffrage opponents had warned that delicate ‘lady voters’ would be jostled and harassed in polling booths by ‘boorish and half-drunken men’, but in fact the 1893 election was described as the ‘best-conducted and most orderly’ ever held.1
The stories of the Marlborough women who signed the Woman's suffrage petition in 1893 have been researched and recorded, and are published on the Prow:
- Mary Mulvey
- Emma and Kate Norgrove
- Emma Litchfield
- Lydia Higgs
- Kate Cullen
- Selina Terrill
- Maggie and Cora Evlyn Mills
- Georgina Penny
- The Fulton sisters
Sources used in this story
- The female franchise (1893, December 5) Pelorus Guardian and Miners' Advocate, 5 December 1893
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Further sources - Marlborough Women and the Petition
- Devaliant, J. (1992, pp.11-12). Kate Sheppard: the fight for women’s votes in New Zealand, Auckland, N.Z.: Penguin.
- Coney, S (1993). Standing in the sunshine: a history of New Zealand women since they won the vote. Wellington, N.Z.: Penguin.
- The suffragists, women who worked for the vote: essays from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Wellington, N.Z.: Bridget Williams Books and the Department of Internal Affairs.
- Grimshaw, P. (1972) Women’s suffrage in New Zealand. Auckland, N.Z.: Auckland University Press.
- Harper, B. (1980), Petticoat Pioneers, South Island Women of the Colonial Era, Book 3. Wellington, N.Z.: A.H. & A.W. Reed.
- Muller, M. A., & Young Women's Christian Association. (1990). YWCA New Zealand 1990 official project. Auckland, N.Z.: Auckland Young Women's Christian Association.
- Muller, Mary Ann (1878). An appeal to the men of New Zealand. Wellington, N.Z.: New Zealand Mail
- Ross, Megan. (2018) The Big Book of Marlborough Women. Blenheim, NZ : Marlborough Museum Archives & Marlborough Heritage Trust
- Voller, L. C. (1982). Sentinel at the gates, Nelson College for Girls 1883-1983 Nelson N.Z.: Nelson College for Girls Old Girls Association, pp. 14-16, 20-33
- Dalziel, Raewyn (2007, June 22) 'Müller, Mary Ann 1819/1820? - 1901'. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, updated 22 June 2007. Retrieved September 29, 2008 from
- He Tohu. A Petition: Women's suffrage petition. Retrieved from National Library:
- Hughes, Beryl (2007, June 22) 'Edger, Kate Milligan 1857 - 1935'. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. . Retrieved September 29, 2008 from
- Kate Edger (n.d.) Retrieved October 13, 2008 from Monumental Stories:
- Mary Ann Muller (n.d.) Retrieved October 13, 2008 from Monumental Stories:
- Ministry for Culture and Heritage (2008, October 2) An appeal to the men of New Zealand. Retrieved October11, 2008, from New Zealand history online: http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/media/photo/an-appeal-to-the-men-of-new-zealand
- 'Muller, Mary Ann' (1966). In McLintock, A.H (ed) An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Retrieved from Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated September 18, 2007:
- Ministry for Culture and Heritage (2008, January 11) Kate Edger. Retrieved October11, 2008, from New Zealand history online:
- New Zealand's women vote: https://women-vote.weebly.com/
- Women's suffrage Movement (1966) Encyclopedia of New Zealand: